Types Of Oxygen Masks
Oxygen is needed in the body to allow it function properly. The body receives oxygen through the lungs. It is used in the metabolic processes which take place in the body’s cells. However the body might be affected by chronic problems which affect the lungs, these problems inhibits or lowers the capacity of the lungs to carry oxygen. Some of the diseases and chronic issues affecting the lungs include the following chronic bronchitis, emphysema, and the chronic obstructive disease.
Oxygen therapy is used to help those individuals suffering from chronic conditions. This kind of therapy is either implemented at home or within a hospital setting. It involves using the portable oxygen masks to deliver oxygen to the patients. The size of the oxygen tank is dependent on the volume of oxygen required by the patient. These are the main types of the portable oxygen masks.
It is also referred to as nasal prongs. The nasal cannula consists of a device having two ponged tubes which are attached to the source of oxygen. This device is anchored over the ears with the prongs sitting at the entrance of your nostrils. The device is anchored over the ears to hold it in position. The nasal cannula delivers a low flow rate of oxygen which is mixture either the room air. It is an ideal alternative to those patients who are having minimal respiratory distress. It is also used by patients who require long-term oxygen use. Nosal cannula delivers oxygen concentrations of about 24-44 percent.
The simple face mask
This is designed and utilized for delivering a high oxygen concentration of about 40-60 percent. This mask fits entirely over the mouth and nose with a special metal piece that conforms to the nose’s shape. It is also equipped with a special elastic strap which straps around your head thus helping to keep the mask in place.
The source of oxygen is attached to the mask. It has exhalation ports for expelling carbon dioxide. This cover hinders some freedom thus making the patient complain of a claustrophobic feeling.
The non-breather and partial masks are classified as reservoir masks. These are masks used in delivering oxygen in very high concentrations especially for people suffering from serious respiratory conditions. The partial masks deliver 70-90 concentration of oxygen whereas the non-breather delivers above 90 percent. Both of masks are attached to a reservoir bag. These reservoir masks have a one-way valve which prevents the outside air from entering the reservoir.